CEDYA + CMA 2017
XXV CONFERENCE ON DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS AND APPLICATIONS / XV CONFERENCE ON APPLIED MATHEMATICS
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CEDYA + CMA 2017

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Environment. Cartagena. La Manga del Mar Menor

Cartagena has plenty of places to recreate and sites which make you feel part of History. The city is more than 2000 years old and posses many of the most important monuments of our national culture. Today, Cartagena is a highly touristic city where dozens of cruises berth, leaving a large movement of foreigners. In short, Cartagena is a city where, in every corner, you can find an archaeological site or a story to tell.


Castles y fortressees

Here is a sample of the castles and fortressees which are visited in the city of Cartagena..

CASTILLO DE LA CONCEPCIÓN

Located in the Monte de la Concepción, a Medieval Castle. Its origin dates back to the city. It is known as "Castle of the Ducks" after conditioning as Torres in the century.

The materials from which the castle was built in large part come from other buildings that existed there in the days when the city was a Roman Colony. In S. XIV was a reconstruction in which large blocks were used in the Roman amphitheater. The latest restoration work in 1994 regained access to the historic Tower of Homage.

The castle was the target of surveillance and defense of the city and the bay.

It is the Interpretation Center of the History of Cartagena and the Cartagena Medieval.

FUERTE DE NAVIDAD

Located next to the Faro de Navidad on the right side of the Bay of Cartagena. It was built in the 1860s to defend the port, city and Arsenal's attack enemy fleets.

It is set in one of the points that define the entrance to the port. The building is a neoclassical style.

It is the Interpretation Center Defensive Architecture of Cartagena. Fuerte de Navidad

TORRE DE SANTA ELENA

The beach of La Azohía, together with a well equipped tourist infrastructure, supports a traditional fishing hamlet. There they continue to use - from March to July - the "almadraba", a fishing technique of Moorish origin used to catch tuna. One of its points of greatest interest is the so-called Torre de Santa Elena; hexagonal in shape with two wings, its construction dates back to at least the final years of the 16th century, under the reign of Felipe II, and built with the object of providing protection to the fishermen of La Azohía and to serve as a watchtower to guard against the presence of pirates on their coasts.


Monuments

Some of the most important monuments in Cartagena are the following ones.

ROMAN THEATRE

The space of this museum has been built by incorporating the monumental remains into the urban environment. The theatre was discovered by pure chance. The northern side of the hill known as "la Concepción" was the location where stands were erected. The commemorative inscriptions indicate that construction began in the late first century B.C. in the heyday of the Roman Colony's urban development. Right on the Roman Theatre and making up part of it, lie the ruins of the Ancient Cathedral.

CENTRE OF INTERPRETATION OF THE PUNIC RAMPART

The rampart was discovered in 1989, on the south side of the hill of San José, or Aletes, as it was known in Roman times. The construction dates back to 227 B.C., with the founding of the Punic city and the conversion of Cartagena (then called Qart-Hadast) into the capital of the Carthaginians the territory of Hispania. The fortifications are in the Hellenist style, with two parallel walls spaced 18 feet apart that are, in turn, linked together by other walls. The rampart enclosed the Punic city, and this particular stretch covered the isthmus, the only entrance to the city.

AUGUSTEUM

This is one of the best-kept archaeological sites in the city, and it is composed of the remains of two public buildings from Roman times in the Cartago-Nova area, dated in the 1st century A.D. It may be one of the first locations used for religious purposes identified as a meeting place devoted to the worship of the Emperor Augustus. It has an interesting exposition hall dedicated to the Roman Forum.

THE ROMAN FORUM DISTRICT

The city of Carthago Nova, which had become part of the Roman State from 209 BC, was given the status of a colony in the year 54BC. This signalled the beginning of an intense period of urban renovation: a new road network was drawn up and plans prepared for some of the most important buildings in the city, such as the forum and the theatre.

The Molinete hill (arx Hasdrubalis) was part of these modifications. Between the port and the forum, blocks were created which contained both public and private buildings: the forum buildings, (of which the curia is known) and the group of buildings which are today known as the District of the Roman Forum.

One of the blocks of the district comprised two buildings which belonged to a semi-public corporation: thermal spa baths with a peristyle and an atrium building, dedicated to the celebration of religious banquets.

Thermal baths and peristyle

The thermal baths complex, built in the 1st century AD, comprises a characteristic succession of spaces: the frigidarium or cold room, also used as a changing room (apodyterium) which still has it's original marble floor; the tepidaria or warm rooms, in which the heating system can still be seen; the sauna; and caldarium or hot room, which is located beneath modern day Calle Honda and the ovens which are located in the Decumano.

A peristyle or columned courtyard lead into the thermal baths complex, as well as functioning as a meeting area or space of self-promotion for members of the parent corporation. Its flooring maintains a good state of preservation, laid with bricks following the opus spicatum or herringbone pattern. A cornucopia, or horn of plenty, made of Luni-Carrara marble was discovered when this area was excavated.

The Atrium Building

The Atrium Building was built at the end of the 1st century BC and could also have been part of the semi-public corporation. It is believed to have been used as a place in which ritual banquets were celebrated in honour of gods such as Isis or Serapis, both of eastern origin, activities of worship taking place in an adjoining sanctuary.

The building was organised around a courtyard or atrium with four columns, from which four rooms used for banquets were accessed (triclinia). Service and hostelry installations completed the complex. The pictoric decorations and the imposing height of the walls, which are more than 4 metres in height are it's most impressive features.


La Manga del Mar Menor

La Manga, a renowned touristic hotspot for decades, has been a Mecca for lovers of white sandy beaches, crystal-clear waters and hustle and bustle. Despite the huge number of visitors that descend here every year, this paradise still has many spots to explore, surprises to offer and secluded places to discover. Only here can you choose to swim in two seas, or watch the sun set and or rise over either of these waters. 

The descriptive name of La Manga (the sleeve) holds an interesting geographical layoutwhich has become one of the symbols that best identifies the coast of Murcia as a tourist resort: a chain that stretches along approximately 24 km from Cabo de Palos to the Punta del Mojón, and is the natural limit of the salt water lake known as the Mar Menor. Originally, what is now known as La Manga del Mar Menor was a bay open to the Mediterranean; at either end, volcanic reefs gradually held back the sand and sediment that was dragged along by the sea currents to form a sandy column of dunes and rock vegetation and long beaches in contact with two seas: the Mediterranean and the Menor. La Manga is a narrow piece of land with a width that varies between 200 m and 1 and a half km. It is cut off by natural channels that keep the two seas in contact with each other; the so-called "golas" allow water from the Mediterranean into the lake. As such, the space was kept virgin until the 60's, when La Manga was "discovered" as a tourist resort and underwent a transformation which included the urbanisation of the area and the construction of tourist infrastructures.

Nowadays, everything in La Manga has been designed to enhance the visitor's stay.Complete hotel installations, with a network of establishments with maximum qualification (including a five-star hotel), located at strategic points, apartment complexes, sailing ports, sailing schools, recreational centres, supermarkets, shops, bars, discos... everything you need for a complete holiday. In winter and autumn, La Manga is kept open, since its population is constant all year round. Winter is an ideal period for those in search of peace and quiet, with the necessary services and infrastructures.


Cartagena, military and academic

The following is a short video (in spanish) prepared by the UPCT with a little story about the conversion of the city of Cartagena to an academic city.


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